How large is your vocabulary? (for high school and college students and ESL learners) — Core Vocabulary of English: 6,000 Advanced Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 4)

adv

 

Vocabulary size can be a mystery to many people. One study (Diller, 1978) shows that an American high school graduate knows, on average, 216,000 words!

Don’t believe it? Well, the researcher used a most scientific way of investigation which is employed by all vocabulary-size calculation formulas: He sampled Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, which contains 450,000 words, and found that a high school student knows 48% of the sampled words, which amounts to a vocabulary size of 216,000.

An authority on English vocabulary (Nation etc., 1990), however, maintains that “well-educated adult native speakers of English have a vocabulary of around 17,000 base words.”

The huge discrepancy exists because rigorous or relaxing standards can be adopted in dealing with a lot of factors including but not limited to:

Shall proper nouns be included or excluded?

Shall all word forms (including inflections) or only base words be counted? (Shall love, lover, loving, lovingly be counted as one “base word”?)

Shall we pick words randomly, like sampling a dictionary, or shall we use the most frequent words?

Prof. Mark Davies from Brigham Young University built Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), which adds an annual input of 20 million-word text and speech to the database since 1990 and now contains 520 millions words. Bases on COCA, he provides “the most accuratefrequency data of English” . You can find the most frequent 60,000 lemmas.

The same words in different word classes (parts of speech) are different lemmas, so love as a noun is a different word than love as a verb. To combine the frequencies or lemmas with the same word form but different word classes brings us closer to our intuition of what a word is, and can serve as a basis for investigating our vocabulary size.

So here is the 26 words picked from the Table of Contents of Core Vocabulary of English: 6,000 Advanced Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 4). Count how many words you know and multiply the number by 154, and you will get your vocabulary size in theAdvanced level. (This is supposed to work for high school students and ESL learners).

aback
babble
cabaret
dabble
e-commerce

fab
galactic
habitable
ice
jackpot

kale
labeled
macaroni
nab
oar

pacifism
quack
rabid
sabbatical
t-test

ubiquity
vagaries
wacky
xenophobia
y’all
zap

Here is the book:

Core Vocabulary of English: 6,000 Advanced Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 4)

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How large is your vocabulary? (for high school students and ESL learners) — Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Upper-intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 3)

upper

 

Vocabulary size can be a mystery to many people. One study (Diller, 1978) shows that an American high school graduate knows, on average, 216,000 words!

Don’t believe it? Well, the researcher used a most scientific way of investigation which is employed by all vocabulary-size calculation formulas: He sampled Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, which contains 450,000 words, and found that a high school student knows 48% of the sampled words, which amounts to a vocabulary size of 216,000.

An authority on English vocabulary (Nation etc., 1990), however, maintains that “well-educated adult native speakers of English have a vocabulary of around 17,000 base words.”

The huge discrepancy exists because rigorous or relaxing standards can be adopted in dealing with a lot of factors including but not limited to:

Shall proper nouns be included or excluded?

Shall all word forms (including inflections) or only base words be counted? (Shall love, lover, loving, lovingly be counted as one “base word”?)

Shall we pick words randomly, like sampling a dictionary, or shall we use the most frequent words?

Prof. Mark Davies from Brigham Young University built Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), which adds an annual input of 20 million-word text and speech to the database since 1990 and now contains 520 millions words. Bases on COCA, he provides “the most accuratefrequency data of English” . You can find the most frequent 60,000 lemmas.

The same words in different word classes (parts of speech) are different lemmas, so love as a noun is a different word than love as a verb. To combine the frequencies or lemmas with the same word form but different word classes brings us closer to our intuition of what a word is, and can serve as a basis for investigating our vocabulary size.

So here is the 26 words picked from the Table of Contents of Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Upper-intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 3). Count how many words you know and multiply the number by 154, and you will get your vocabulary size in the Upper-intermediate level. (This is supposed to work for high school students and ESL learners).

abandon
babe
cabbage
dab
eagerly

fable
gadget
habitual
iceberg
jab

kayak
labyrinth
macho
NAFTA
oasis

packaging
quad
rabbi
sabotage
tablet

ubiquitous
vacate
wad
x-ray
yacht
zest

Here is the book:

Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Upper-intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 3)

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How large is your vocabulary? (for high school students and ESL learners) — Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 2)

inter.jpg

 

Vocabulary size can be a mystery to many people. One study (Diller, 1978) shows that an American high school graduate knows, on average, 216,000 words!

Don’t believe it? Well, the researcher used a most scientific way of investigation which is employed by all vocabulary-size calculation formulas: He sampled Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, which contains 450,000 words, and found that a high school student knows 48% of the sampled words, which amounts to a vocabulary size of 216,000.

An authority on English vocabulary (Nation etc., 1990), however, maintains that “well-educated adult native speakers of English have a vocabulary of around 17,000 base words.”

The huge discrepancy exists because rigorous or relaxing standards can be adopted in dealing with a lot of factors including but not limited to:

Shall proper nouns be included or excluded?

Shall all word forms (including inflections) or only base words be counted? (Shall love, lover, loving, lovingly be counted as one “base word”?)

Shall we pick words randomly, like sampling a dictionary, or shall we use the most frequent words?

Prof. Mark Davies from Brigham Young University built Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), which adds an annual input of 20 million-word text and speech to the database since 1990 and now contains 520 millions words. Bases on COCA, he provides “the most accuratefrequency data of English” . You can find the most frequent 60,000 lemmas.

The same words in different word classes (parts of speech) are different lemmas, so love as a noun is a different word than love as a verb. To combine the frequencies or lemmas with the same word form but different word classes brings us closer to our intuition of what a word is, and can serve as a basis for investigating our vocabulary size.

So here is the 26 words picked from the Table of Contents of Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 2). Count how many words you know and multiply the number by 154, and you will get your vocabulary size in theIntermediate level. (This is supposed to work for high school students and ESL learners).

abandoned
bachelor
cab
dairy
eagle

fabric
galaxy
ha
icon
jam

keen
labour
ma’am
nail
o’clock

package
qualification

rabbit
sack
T-shirt
ugly

vacancy
wagon
x-ray
yank
zeal

Here is the book:

Core Vocabulary of English: 4,000 Intermediate Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 2)

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How large is your vocabulary? (for middle school students and ESL learners)—look at Core Vocabulary of English: 3,000 Elementary Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 1)

Vocabulary size can be a mystery to many people. One study (Diller, 1978) shows that an American high school graduate knows, on average, 216,000 words!

Don’t believe it? Well, the researcher used a most scientific way of investigation which is employed by all vocabulary-size calculation formulas: He sampled Webster’s Third New International Dictionary, which contains 450,000 words, and found that a high school student knows 48% of the sampled words, which amounts to a vocabulary size of 216,000.

An authority on English vocabulary (Nation etc., 1990), however, maintains that “well-educated adult native speakers of English have a vocabulary of around 17,000 base words.”

The huge discrepancy exists because rigorous or relaxing standards can be adopted in dealing with a lot of factors including but not limited to:

Shall proper nouns be included or excluded?

Shall all word forms (including inflections) or only base words be counted? (Shall love, lover, loving, lovingly be counted as one “base word”?)

Shall we pick words randomly, like sampling a dictionary, or shall we use the most frequent words?

Prof. Mark Davies from Brigham Young University built Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), which adds an annual input of 20 million-word text and speech to the database since 1990 and now contains 520 millions words. Bases on COCA, he provides “the most accuratefrequency data of English” . You can find the most frequent 60,000 lemmas.

The same words in different word classes (parts of speech) are different lemmas, so love as a noun is a different word than love as a verb. To combine the frequencies or lemmas with the same word form but different word classes brings us closer to our intuition of what a word is, and can serve as a basis for investigating our vocabulary size.

So here is the 25 words picked from the Table of Contents of Core Vocabulary of English: 3,000 Elementary Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 1). Count how many words you know and multiply the number by 120, and you will get your vocabulary size in the elementary level. (This is supposed to work for middle school students and ESL learners).

a
baby
cabinet
dad
e-mail

face
gain
habit
I
jacket

keep
lab
machine
name
object

pace
qualify

race
sacrifice
table

ultimate
vacation
wage
yard
zero

Here is the book:

Core Vocabulary of English: 3,000 Elementary Words (Step by Step Towards Core Vocabulary of English Book 1)

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《中國最後的帝國――大清王朝》譯者李仁淵&張遠分享; Reflections on Qing History By Maura Dykstra; A Flourishing Profession: Reflections on a Career in Asian Studies by Charlotte Furth; 孙康宜:藉着书写和回忆,我已经超越了过去的苦难; 跨越中西文学的边界——孙康宜教授访谈录(上); (下)

 

Reflections on Qing History By Maura Dykstra

http://www.thechinabeat.org/?p=2070

 

Reflections on a Career in Asian Studies by Charlotte Furth

http://www.thechinabeat.org/?p=4299

 

孙康宜:藉着书写和回忆,我已经超越了过去的苦难

http://www.eeo.com.cn/2012/0831/232875.shtml

 

跨越中西文学的边界——孙康宜教授访谈录(上)

http://www.literature.org.cn/Article.aspx?id=54549

 

跨越中西文学的边界——孙康宜教授访谈录(下)

http://www.literature.org.cn/Article.aspx?id=54548

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9/30 readings: G. William Skinner by Daniel Little; China Historical GIS; G. William Skinner: Marketing in Rural China, 1964–1965 By John Corbett and Stacy Rebich

G. William Skinner by Daniel Little
http://thechinabeat.blogspot.com/2008/11/g-william-skinner.html

China Historical GIS
http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~chgis/

G. William Skinner: Marketing in Rural China, 1964–1965
By John Corbett and Stacy Rebich
http://www.csiss.org/classics/content/96

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1/25 readings: HE cost

A Quiet Revolution in Helping Lift the Burden of Student Debt

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/upshot/a-quiet-revolution-in-helping-lift-the-burden-of-student-debt.html?emc=edit_th_20150125&nl=todaysheadlines&nlid=67005061&abt=0002&abg=1

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